Tucked between Cangshan Mountain and Erhai Lake, Dali is a Ming-era town that has retained much through the ages. Much later, in the mid-19th century, Dali was a Muslim stronghold that served as a base for rebels who raided Kunming, the capital of Yunnan held by the Qing dynasty. Though the Nanzhao Kingdom fell long ago, the indigenous Bai ethnic minority who comprised its population still accounts for the majority of the residents of Dali and surrounding villages. Built in the 14th century and surrounded by a moat and wall, Dali Old Town is reputed for its graceful living and delightful Bai architecture. It is a perfect place for you to stroll its pleasant streets, laid out in a chessboard pattern. You'll get to have tea in a traditional Bai courtyard home where your guide will be happy to translate and speak to the family for you. They might even prepare a tea ceremony for you.