Agra is home to the World's ultimate monument to love, the Taj Mahal. Dreamily positioned on the banks of the Yamuna River, its pale dome and minarets seem to float over the river, catching every nuance of light and shade. It was commissioned by Shah Jahan in 1632 to house the remains of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, and took 17 years to build, working with India's finest pietra dura craftsmen who inlaid the gleaming white marble with semi-precious stones.
Other Agra sights include the mighty Agra Fort, which reflects the Mughals at their most martial and was constructed by the Mughal emperor Akbar. Also overlooking the banks of the Yamuna, Agra Fort acted as the headquarters of the Mughal Empire while Agra was the capital. Built mainly out of red sandstone, it also has palaces and courtyards made of luminous white marble which were added on by Shah Jahan, who was eventually imprisoned here at Agra Fort (where, poignantly, he could gaze out over the tomb he built for his wife, the Taj Mahal).
Itmad-ud-Daulah's tomb (also known as the Baby Taj), is an exquisite tomb with a lovely garden complex. It is much smaller than the Taj Mahal, but has similar attributes: it is largely constructed from white marble with superb marble inlay works and it has four minarets, but unlike the Taj Mahal, the tomb is at the center of a formal garden, the char-bagh, and has a softly curving roof. Itmad-ud-Daulah migrated from Persia and was a great figure of the Mughal Empire, becoming adviser first to Akbar and then Jehangir. His tomb predates the Taj Mahal by at least a decade.
Akbar's multi-tiered tomb at Sikandra, with its beautifully frescoed ceilings and walls, is a little outside Agra and well worth a visit. Thought to be named after Sikander Lodi, the second ruler of the Lodi dynasty, the tomb complex is captivating for both its fine quality of architecture and its serene garden complex – and it is not as crowded as some of Agra’s more famous sites. Indeed, you are more likely to meet with a herd of deer.
The red sandstone city of Fatehpur Sikri, which is approximately an hour's drive away, is surrounded by extraordinary myths – such as the unanswered question to why Emperor Akbar deserted this Mughal capital in 1585 a decade or so after its construction. This royal complex is known as a deserted palace, but its spectacular mosque and shrines have remained an important place of pilgrimage and a small population has remained here since the 16th Century.
Features in the following itineraries
- A Family Wilderness Adventure in Kipling Country
- A Royal Visit to North India and Bhutan
- ABC of India: Art, Books & Culture... An Arty Tour of North India
- Birding in the Himalayan Foothills
- Colours of Rajasthan, North India
- Diwali - India's Festival of Lights: November
- Essential India... Our Comprehensive Tour of North & South India
- Exploring India's Royal Mughal & Maratha Dynasties
- Forts and Palaces of Rajasthan... Experience Indias Living History
- Gems of North India... The Best of the Golden Triangle & Magical Udaipur
- Grand Tour of North India Our Favourite Luxury India Holiday
- Leh in Ladakh and Rajasthan's Golden Triangle... A Perfect North Indian Pairing from April to Sept
- Luxury For Less... Oberoi's 2017 North Indian Holiday Special
- Maharaja's Express - North Indias Most Luxurious Train Journey
- Taj, Temples and Tigers of North India – The Perfect Family Holiday to India
I can't think of anything that excites a greater sense of childlike wonder than to be in a country where you are ignorant of almost everything.Bill Bryson